RANGOUN | Un pasteur canadien qui prêchait que l’amour de Dieu protégeait les chrétiens du coronavirus a été condamné jeudi à trois mois de prison en Birmanie après avoir été contaminé avec des dizaines de fidèles pendant une cérémonie religieuse pourtant interdite.
La Birmanie est pour l’heure demeurée relativement épargnée par l’épidémie. Elle recense officiellement 357 cas et six morts, mais beaucoup s’accordent à considérer que la maladie est en réalité beaucoup plus répandue.
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese: မြန်မာ, [mjəmà]) or Burma (see §Etymology), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest. With a size of 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles), Myanmar is the largest of the Mainland Southeast Asian states by area. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.
Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th-century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British East India Company seized control of the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d’état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.
For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world’s longest-running ongoing civil wars. During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country’s human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government’s treatment of ethnic minorities, its response to the ethnic insurgency, and religious clashes. In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics.
Myanmar is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement, ASEAN and BIMSTEC, but not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. Myanmar is also endowed with renewable energy; it has the highest solar power potential compared to other countries of the Great Mekong Subregion. In 2013, its GDP (nominal) stood at US$56.7 billion and its GDP (PPP) at US$221.5 billion. The income gap in Myanmar is among the widest in the world, as a large proportion of the economy is controlled by supporters of the former military government. As of 2016, Myanmar ranks 145 out of 188 countries in human development, according to the Human Development Index.
Birmanie : prison pour le pasteur canadien qui prêchait malgré le …
A prison , also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British and Australian English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (or centre if outside the US), correction center (American English), correctional facility, lock-up or remand center, is a facility in which inmates (or prisoners) are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. In simplest terms, a prison can also be described as a building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed.
Prisons can also be used as a tool of political repression by authoritarian regimes. Their perceived opponents may be imprisoned for political crimes, often without trial or other legal due process; this use is illegal under most forms of international law governing fair administration of justice. In times of war, prisoners of war or detainees may be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, and large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps.
In American English, the terms prison and jail have separate definitions, though this is not always followed in casual speech. A prison or penitentiary holds people for longer periods of time, such as many years, and is operated by a state or federal government. A jail holds people for shorter periods of time (e.g. for shorter sentences or pre-trial detention) and is usually operated by a local government. Outside of North America, prison and jail have the same meaning.
Slang terms for a prison include: “the pokey”, “the slammer”, “the cage”, “the hole”, “the can”, “the clink”, “the joint”, “the calaboose”, “the hoosegow”, “crowbar hotel” and “the big house”. Slang terms for imprisonment include: “behind bars”, “in stir” and “up the river” (a possible reference to Sing Sing).
Né en Birmanie, le Canadien David Lah, 43 ans, retourne régulièrement dans son pays natal pour y prêcher.
Les autorités birmanes interdisent depuis la mi-mars les rassemblements. Mais des images ont été diffusées sur lesquelles on voit M. Lah animer début avril une cérémonie religieuse.
Birmanie : prison pour le pasteur canadien qui prêchait malgré le …
«Si les gens portent la Bible et Jésus dans leur cœur, la maladie ne les atteindra pas», peut-on l’entendre dire aux fidèles dans une pièce bondée, dans la vidéo réalisée au cours de cette cérémonie.
«La seule personne qui peut guérir et répandre la paix pendant cette pandémie, c’est Jésus.»
Il avait été testé positif peu de temps après et un lien a été établi entre ses adeptes et des dizaines de cas de COVID-19.
Sorti de quarantaine, il avait été interpellé fin mai et risquait jusqu’à trois ans de prison en Birmanie.
M. Lah et son collègue Wai Tun se sont vu infliger jeudi une peine de trois mois d’emprisonnement, a déclaré aux journalistes son avocat Aung Kyi Win.
Le christianisme est pratiqué par un peu plus de 6 % de la population birmane, en majorité bouddhiste.