Coronavirus border restrictions, NSW quarantine ideas and Victoria …

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There have been a lot of big coronavirus announcements across Australia about measures designed to slow the spread of COVID-19 that will affect our day-to-day lives.

Here’s what you need to know about Wednesday’s news.

About Coronavirus
Coronaviruses are a group of related RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, these viruses cause respiratory tract infections that can range from mild to lethal. Mild illnesses include some cases of the common cold (which is also caused by other viruses, predominantly rhinoviruses), while more lethal varieties can cause SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. Symptoms in other species vary: in chickens, they cause an upper respiratory tract disease, while in cows and pigs they cause diarrhea. There are as yet no vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat human coronavirus infections.
Coronaviruses constitute the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria. They are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genome size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, one of the largest among RNA viruses. They have characteristic club-shaped spikes that project from their surface, which in electron micrographs create an image reminiscent of the solar corona, from which their name derives.

Coronavirus border restrictions, NSW quarantine rules and Victoria …

About border
Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities. Borders are established through agreements between political or social entities that control those areas; the creation of these agreements is called boundary delimitation.
Some borders—such as a state’s internal administrative border, or inter-state borders within the Schengen Area—are open and completely unguarded. Most borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled.
Borders may even foster the setting up of buffer zones. A difference has also been established in academic scholarship between border and frontier, the latter denoting a state of mind rather than state boundaries.

Who gets access to child care in Victoria?

There’s been a lot of uncertainty surrounding child care in Melbourne since stage 4 coronavirus restrictions were imposed on the city.

Childcare centres will only remain open for vulnerable children and “permitted workers”, which means many families will miss out on that support.

Coronavirus border restrictions, NSW quarantine rules and Victoria …

Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said the change would be “very challenging for many families” and the decision to limit childcare had been taken to reduce people’s movements within the community.

Those eligible to use child care will need to complete an Access to Childcare Permit.

“If you are a permitted worker, regardless of whether you are working in person or from home, and you attest that there is no-one else in your household that can look after your children, you will be able with that very simple permit to access child care,” Mr Andrews said.

Who is a permitted worker? The term covers a range of occupations and industries (listed here).

We have answered some of your questions about child care in this story.

The Government is expected to provide clarity about in-home child minding later on Wednesday.

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Victoria announced a record number of COVID-19 cases and deaths today.

For the latest news on the COVID-19 pandemic read our coronavirus update story.

Funding to keep childcare centres open

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Dan Tehan says parents will get an extra 30 days of allowable absences to deal with Melbourne’s lockdown.

Victorian parents who need to keep their children home from child care will be able to do so without incurring any extra cost and losing their place.

Under a plan announced by Federal Education Minister Dan Tehan, parents will be given an extra 30 days of “allowable absences” from childcare centres and centres will be encouraged to waive gap fees.

The Government will give childcare centres top-up payments.

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NSW to quarantine Victorians

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Travellers entering NSW from Victoria will go into mandatory hotel quarantine from the end of this week.

Anyone entering NSW from Victoria will be placed in mandatory hotel quarantine for 14 days at their own expense, but there will be exceptions for those suffering financial hardship.

The new laws, announced by NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian, will begin 12:01am on Friday.

She said the extension of hotel quarantine was prompted by “worsening news” about COVID-19 cases in Victoria.

The quarantine rule will not apply to people who live in border communities. There is no change to current arrangements there.

Under the plan, all airports in NSW will close to flights from Victoria, except for Sydney Airport, in an attempt to control the flow of returned travellers.

Queensland tightens its borders

Queensland will close its border to all of New South Wales and the ACT from 1:00am on Saturday.

People from Victoria are already banned.

Queenslanders who return from “declared coronavirus hotspots” will be sent to mandatory hotel quarantine for 14 days at their own expense.

Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk said she was worried about the rate of community transmission in the southern states.

“We cannot risk a second wave. We have to act decisively,” she said.

“We have to put Queenslanders first.”

The border closures will be reviewed at the end of August.

What you need to know about coronavirus: