Great Continental Railway Journeys, overview – Michael Portillo's …


Michael Portillo has been my TV guilty pleasure ever since he finished a programme about America’s railroads at L Frank Baum’s Chittenango birthplace, skipping down a yellow brick road arm-in-arm with Dorothy, the Lion and the Tin Man. The former defence secretary has taken a staid format – a travelogue visiting places recommended by Bradshaw’s Guides – and turned it into a camp delight.

“Doing a Portillo” once referred to being ejected from high office in a humiliating election night defeat. Now it means hoofing about in a town square in a pair of pistachio trousers and a jacket of Ribena purple.

About Continental
Continental may refer to:

Great Continental Railway Journeys, review: Michael Portillo's …

About Railway
Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on tracks. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles (rolling stock) are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Tracks usually consist of steel rails, installed on ties (sleepers) set in ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are also possible, such as slab track. This is where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

Rolling stock in a rail transport system generally encounters lower frictional resistance than rubber-tired road vehicles, so passenger and freight cars (carriages and wagons) can be coupled into longer trains. The operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power, usually by diesel engines or, historically, steam engines. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport. Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is often less flexible and more capital-intensive than road transport, when lower traffic levels are considered.
The oldest known, man/animal-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC in Corinth, Greece. Rail transport then commenced in mid 16th century in Germany in the form of horse-powered funiculars and wagonways. Modern rail transport commenced with the British development of the steam locomotives in the early 19th century. Thus the railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. Built by George Stephenson and his son Robert’s company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No. 1 is the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825. George Stephenson also built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use only the steam locomotives all the time, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution. Also, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships. The change from canals to railways allowed for “national markets” in which prices varied very little from city to city. The spread of the railway network and the use of railway timetables, led to the standardisation of time (railway time) in Britain based on Greenwich Mean Time. Prior to this, major towns and cities varied their local time relative to GMT. The invention and development of the railway in the United Kingdom was one of the most important technological inventions of the 19th century. The world’s first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway (part of the London Underground), opened in 1863.
In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, leading to electrification of tramways and rapid transit systems. Starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by the 2000s. During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan and later in some other countries. Many countries are in the process of replacing diesel locomotives with electric locomotives, mainly due to environmental concerns, a notable example being Switzerland, which has completely electrified its network. Other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use.
Following a decline after World War II due to competition from cars and airplanes, rail transport has had a revival in recent decades due to road congestion and rising fuel prices, as well as governments investing in rail as a means of reducing CO2 emissions in the context of concerns about global warming.

He is back in the new series of Great Continental Railway Journeys (BBC Two) continuing to dress like a human Liquorice Allsort. Portillo has now visited most of Europe, but the producers have got around this problem by sending him back with a modern edition of Bradshaw’s, dated 1936. He began in Spain, a vision in lemon yellow and deepest tangerine.

As always, the pacing was brisk: visit a place, deliver some facts, marvel at a piece of architecture/history/town planning, then move on. And he has understood the need to look mildly ridiculous once per episode, in this case by attempting the traditional La Jota dance in Zaragoza.

Great Continental Railway Journeys, review: Michael Portillo's …

But this was also personal: the first stop was the University of Salamanca, where Portillo’s father, Luis, was a Left-wing don declared an enemy of Franco (like three million others). Portillo junior was moved to see his father’s name in a card index of “foes of Spain”, along with documents about Luis’s career he had never seen before.

Outside Huesca, he was guided around the trenches where George Orwell fought in the Spanish Civil War by Orwell’s son, Richard Blair. Later, Portillo visited a long-abandoned Canfranc station in the Pyrenees, a name “whispered in awe by one railway nerd to another”. Portillo’s genuine enthusiasm was plain to see.