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By Rachel Clun, Matt Bungard and Sumeyya Ilanbey
Updated July 27, 2020 — 8.23pmfirst published at 6.17pm
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; French: Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), lit. ‘Royal Gendarmerie of Canada’; colloquially known as the “Mounties”, and internally as the “Force”) is the federal and national police service of Canada, providing law enforcement at the federal level. The RCMP also provides provincial policing in eight of Canada’s provinces (all except Ontario and Quebec) and local policing on a contract basis in the three territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon) and more than 150 municipalities, 600 Indigenous communities, and three international airports. The RCMP does not provide active provincial or municipal policing in Ontario or Quebec. However, all members of the RCMP have jurisdiction as a peace officer in all parts of Canada, including Ontario and Quebec. Despite the name, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police is no longer an actual mounted police force, with horses only being used at ceremonial events.
As Canada’s national police force, the RCMP is primarily responsible for enforcing federal laws throughout Canada, whereas general law and order including the enforcement of the criminal code and applicable provincial legislation is constitutionally the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Larger cities may form their own municipal police departments.
The two most populous provinces, Ontario and Quebec, maintain provincial forces: the Ontario Provincial Police and Sûreté du Québec. The other eight provinces contract policing responsibilities to the RCMP. The RCMP provides front-line policing in those provinces under the direction of the provincial governments. When Newfoundland joined the confederation in 1949, the RCMP entered the province and absorbed the then-Newfoundland Ranger Force, which patrolled most of Newfoundland’s rural areas. The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary patrols urban areas of the province. In the territories, the RCMP is the sole territorial police force. Many municipalities throughout Canada contract to the RCMP. Thus, the RCMP polices at the federal, provincial, and municipal level. In several areas of Canada, it is the only police force.
The RCMP is responsible for an unusually large breadth of duties. Under their federal mandate, the RCMP police throughout Canada, including Ontario and Quebec (albeit on smaller scales there). Federal operations include: enforcing federal laws including commercial crime, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, border integrity, organized crime, and other related matters; providing counter-terrorism and domestic security; providing protection services for the Canadian Monarch, governor general, prime minister, their families and residences, and other ministers of the Crown, visiting dignitaries, and diplomatic missions; and participating in various international policing efforts.
Under provincial and municipal contracts the RCMP provides front-line policing in all areas outside of Ontario and Quebec that do not have an established local police force. There are detachments located in small villages in the far north, remote First Nations reserves, and rural towns, but also larger cities such as Surrey, British Columbia (population 468,251). There, support units investigate for their own detachments, and smaller municipal police forces. Investigations include major crimes, homicides, forensic identification, collision forensics, police dogs, emergency response teams, explosives disposal, and undercover operations. Under its National Police Services branch the RCMP supports all police forces in Canada via the Canadian Police Information Centre, Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, Forensic Science and Identification Services, Canadian Firearms Program, and the Canadian Police College.
The RCMP Security Service was a specialized political intelligence and counterintelligence branch with national security responsibilities, replaced by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service in 1984, following revelations of illegal covert operations relating to the Quebec separatist movement. CSIS is not part of the RCMP, but is its own entity.
Mounties in Sydney's west and Apollo in Potts Point shut due to …
A popular inner-city eatery and two western Sydney pubs are the latest restaurants in Sydney to be shut down because of the coronavirus as the Queensland Premier threatened to close the state border if community transmission in NSW becomes more widespread.
NSW Health confirmed that a staff member at The Apollo restaurant in Potts Point had tested positive, and it is now encouraging anyone who visited the Greek eatery between Thursday July 23 and Saturday July 25 to self-isolate until 14 days after their visit.
Mounties in Sydney's west and Apollo in Potts Point shut due to …
The department is encouraging anyone who lives in, or has visited, Potts Point in the past two weeks to get tested if they have any symptoms.
It is also urging anyone who attended Mounties flagship club in Mount Pritchard, in Sydney’s west, between midnight and 3am or 8pm and midnight on Thursday July 23; between 11am and 3pm or 8pm and midnight on Friday July 24; or between midnight and 3am on Saturday July 25 to self-isolate.
Mounties is one of the largest RSL clubs in the country, making nearly $47 million in profits on poker machines at its Mount Pritchard club last year and boasting more than 136,000 members across its network, according to the group’s 2019 annual report.
The other venue is the bistro area of the nearby Pritchard’s Hotel, between 7pm and 7.45pm on Thursday July 23.
On Monday Victoria recorded its highest daily total with 532 COVID-19 cases confirmed and a further six deaths.
Deputy Chief Medical Officer Michael Kidd warned more people would die during Victoria’s second coronavirus wave.
“We know, with the number of infections we’ve seen today, that there will be further deaths in the days ahead,” Professor Kidd said.
On Monday morning, NSW Chief Health Officer Kerry Chant confirmed there were 17 new cases of COVID-19. She said it was critical for the community to adhere strictly to social distancing rules and avoid large, crowded gatherings.
“We’ve got to be aware that we could have transmission chains in other parts of the state that are not being detected at the current time,” she said.
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said workers, including aged-care workers, were driving the rise in cases in that state, and warned the six-week lockdown would not end “until people stop going to work with symptoms”.
“This is the biggest driver, it is not the only issue but it’s the biggest driver of these numbers going up not down,” he said on Monday.
Four Victorian cases have been linked to the neonatal intensive care unit at the Royal Children’s Hospital, including a baby, but the biggest concern remains in the aged-care sector with 683 active cases across 61 facilities.
“If there are outbreaks of community transmission or it cannot be sourced or there are clusters, we will not hesitate to declare hotspots — or we will not hesitate, if it gets out of control, to slam the border shut,” she said on Monday morning.
On Monday afternoon, The Apollo became the fourth Sydney restaurant and the second in the inner-city suburb forced to close in two days.
A spokesman for the 10-year-old restaurant confirmed they were working with NSW Health to ensure all relevant customers were contacted and told to self-isolate for 14 days and immediately seek testing.
“The ongoing health and safety of our customers, staff and local community is our top priority so the restaurant will remain closed for two weeks and undergo a deep cleaning,” the spokesman said.
The Apollo spokesman added the restaurant has been adhering to its COVIDSafe plan, which included reducing capacity, minimising interactions between staff and customers and providing disposable menus as well as conducting rigorous cleaning.
On Sunday, Thai Rock in Potts Point was forced to shut with one case of a diner testing positive last week, and another case involving an employee confirmed on Monday morning.
AN Restaurant in Bankstown and Tan Viet Noodle House in Cabramatta were also closed on Sunday after they were visited by a couple on the weekend who were later diagnosed with COVID-19.
The Thai Rock Potts Point cases have not been linked to the outbreak at the venue’s western Sydney sister restaurant, Thai Rock in Wetherill Park. That outbreak now includes 70 cases.
“These investigations are in an early phase; it’s important we don’t speculate. But we are exploring all avenues,” she said.
It comes as people from the NSW local government area of Fairfield, which includes the Wetherill Park Thai Rock restaurant, were no longer permitted to cross the Queensland border from 1am on Monday after it was declared a hotspot area by the Queensland government.
Ms Palaszczuk said she made no apologies for having “really tough measures at the border”.
“There will be delays at the border. I can’t do anything about that. There will be delays because we are protecting Queensland,” she said.
While none of the new cases confirmed in NSW on Monday were linked to the outbreaks at the Crossroads Hotel, in Casula in Sydney’s south-west, or Batemans Bay, four were linked to a funeral at St Brendan’s Catholic Church in Bankstown. One of those new funeral cases is a child and there are now nine cases linked to that cluster.
NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian said it was important for people not to hug at weddings or funerals, noting these events have been shown to be the “seeding ground” for clusters.
“We know that funerals are a terribly emotional time for people. Please, unless it’s your immediate household, you cannot have physical contact whether it’s a wedding or a funeral,” she said.
Professor Kidd said that, so far in NSW, quick turnarounds with testing and a clear instruction for people to stay home if they were showing any symptoms or had been near anyone who had symptoms, were working to slow community transmission.
“We are seeing smaller numbers in NSW each day,” he said. “Each of those cases is being followed up very quickly, and their contacts are being followed up very quickly and being tested.”
NSW Health was treating 101 cases of COVID-19 as of 8pm on Sunday, and the number of patients in intensive care rose to five.
“Ninety per cent of cases being treated by NSW Health are in non-acute out-of-hospital care,” Dr Chant said.
NSW conducted 22,032 tests in the 24 hours to 8pm on Sunday, down from 25,139 in the previous reporting period.
Over the weekend, six South Coast venues were fined for breaching public health orders.
The Figtree Hotel was issued a $5000 fine after failing to enforce the COVID-19 safety plan at its venue at the weekend.
NSW Police said they observed a large number of patrons standing together and drinking in groups.
Dapto Pub was forced to close early on Saturday night as two patrons were arrested for offensive conduct, and the venue has since been fined $5000 for failing to comply with public health orders.
Four venues in nearby Gerringong: The Spruce Moose, Nardi’s, Stoic Brewing and The Hill Bar and Kitchen were all fined for various breaches including overcrowding, and not enforcing physical distancing.
With Toby Crockford
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Rachel Clun is a journalist at The Sydney Morning Herald.
Matt Bungard is a journalist at The Sydney Morning Herald.
Sumeyya is a state political reporter for The Age.