A quarter of the pier at Fisherman’s Wharf “has been lost to the flames,” according to the San Francisco Fire Department public information officer.
No injuries have been reported. The pier has been fully evacuated, the department says.
Francisco is the Spanish and Portuguese form of the masculine given name Franciscus (corresponding to English Francis).
In Spanish, people with the name Francisco are sometimes nicknamed “Paco”: San Francisco de Asís was known as Pater Comunitatis (The Community father) when he founded their Franciscan order, “Paco” is a short form of “Pater Comunitatis”. Also, in Spanish Latin America and in the Philippines, people with the name Francisco are called “Pancho”. “Kiko” is also used as a nickname in the Philippines. “Chicho” is another possible nickname.
In Portuguese, people named Francisco are commonly nicknamed “Chico” (shíco). This is also a less-common nickname for Francisco in Spanish too.
San Francisco Pier 45 fire burning
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke. Combustion doesn’t always result in fire, but when it does, a flame is a characteristic indicator of the reaction. While the activation energy must be overcome to initiate combustion (e.g., using a lit match to light a fire), the heat from a flame may provide enough energy to make the reaction self-sustaining. Combustion is often a complicated sequence of elementary radical reactions. Solid fuels, such as wood and coal, first undergo endothermic pyrolysis to produce gaseous fuels whose combustion then supplies the heat required to produce more of them. Combustion is often hot enough that incandescent light in the form of either glowing or a flame is produced. A simple example can be seen in the combustion of hydrogen and oxygen into water vapor, a reaction commonly used to fuel rocket engines. This reaction releases 242 kJ/mol of heat and reduces the enthalpy accordingly (at constant temperature and pressure):
2H2(g) + O2(g) → 2H2O(g)Combustion of an organic fuel in air is always exothermic because the double bond in O2 is much weaker than other double bonds or pairs of single bonds, and therefore the formation of the stronger bonds in the combustion products CO2 and H2O results in the release of energy. The bond energies in the fuel play only a minor role, since they are similar to those in the combustion products; e.g., the sum of the bond energies of CH4 is nearly the same as that of CO2. The heat of combustion is approximately -418 kJ per mole of O2 used up in the combustion reaction, and can be estimated from the elemental composition of the fuel.Uncatalyzed combustion in air requires relatively high temperatures. Complete combustion is stoichiometric concerning the fuel, where there is no remaining fuel, and ideally, no residual oxidant. Thermodynamically, the chemical equilibrium of combustion in air is overwhelmingly on the side of the products. However, complete combustion is almost impossible to achieve, since the chemical equilibrium is not necessarily reached, or may contain unburnt products such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen and even carbon (soot or ash). Thus, the produced smoke is usually toxic and contains unburned or partially oxidized products. Any combustion at high temperatures in atmospheric air, which is 78 percent nitrogen, will also create small amounts of several nitrogen oxides, commonly referred to as NOx, since the combustion of nitrogen is thermodynamically favored at high, but not low temperatures. Since burning is rarely clean, flue gas cleaning or catalytic converters may be required by law.
Fires occur naturally, ignited by lightning strikes or by volcanic products. Combustion (fire) was the first controlled chemical reaction discovered by humans, in the form of campfires and bonfires, and continues to be the main method to produce energy for humanity. Usually, the fuel is carbon, hydrocarbons, or more complicated mixtures such as wood that contains partially oxidized hydrocarbons. The thermal energy produced from combustion of either fossil fuels such as coal or oil, or from renewable fuels such as firewood, is harvested for diverse uses such as cooking, production of electricity or industrial or domestic heating. Combustion is also currently the only reaction used to power rockets. Combustion is also used to destroy (incinerate) waste, both nonhazardous and hazardous.
Oxidants for combustion have high oxidation potential and include atmospheric or pure oxygen, chlorine, fluorine, chlorine trifluoride, nitrous oxide and nitric acid. For instance, hydrogen burns in chlorine to form hydrogen chloride with the liberation of heat and light characteristic of combustion. Although usually not catalyzed, combustion can be catalyzed by platinum or vanadium, as in the contact process.
Flames could be seen in the early morning darkness in photos tweeted by Dan Whaley.
The blaze was first reported at 4:17 a.m. local time (7:17 a.m. ET) and has been contained to a section of the pier.
San Francisco Pier 45 fire burning
The Fire Department tweeted a link to live updates.
Officers report the fire caused a partial building collapse on the southern part of the pier, spread to two buildings on the pier and is in danger of spreading to a third, the Fire Department says.
Fireboat St. Francis was put in position to protect the historic SS Jeremiah O’Brien ship built during World War II, and it successfully saved the ship from damage, said Jonathan Baxter, the department’s spokesman.
“When firefighters arrived, the flames were literally lapping over the Jeremiah O’Brien,” he said, CNN affiliate KPIX reported. “They literally saved the O’Brien.”
Reporter Reyna Harvey of affiliate KRON tweeted video from the scene.
Several fireboats are positioned around the wharf and helping fight the fire.
There is no word yet of a cause.
The warehouse contained a large fish processing operation for the Northern California crab fleet, KPIX reports.